MENTAL ILLNESS

schizophrenia Disorder

Schizophrenia disorder

schizophrenia Disorder

Today we will discuss about schizophrenia Disorder

The things we will cover in this article include

  1. What is schizophrenia?
  2. What are the Types of schizophrenia?
  3. What are symptoms of schizophrenia?
  4. What are causes of schizophrenia?
  5. What are the Treatment of schizophrenia?

What is schizophrenia?

Schizophrenia is a severe mental illness. It is long life disease it can be control by proper treatment. Schizophrenia disorder affects the person mind, thinking, and feeling. Schizophrenia patients imagine things that are not present in real. In other word Schizophrenia patients cannot distinguishing between real and imagine things. Don’t resemble the Schizophrenia disorder with split personality. Schizophrenia patients do not harm anyone.

What are the Types of schizophrenia?

Types of schizophrenia include:

  • Paranoid schizophrenia
  • Hebephrenic schizophrenia
  • Catatonic schizophrenia
  • Undifferentiated schizophrenia
  • Residual schizophrenia

Paranoid schizophrenia

It is common form of schizophrenia.

Paranoid schizophrenia symptoms are:

  1. Hallucinations
  2. Delusions

Later age people are mostly affected by paranoid schizophrenia.

Hebephrenic schizophrenia

15 to 25 years old people are mostly affected by Hebephrenic schizophrenia.

Hebephrenic schizophrenia patients looks confused .other people will not understood what they are trying to do.

Catatonic schizophrenia

In Catatonic schizophrenia patients will not be able to speak. Even they will not be able to move anywhere. Excessive motor activities.

Undifferentiated schizophrenia

Schizophrenia patient may develop a signs of paranoid, hebephrenic or catatonic schizophrenia, but it doesn’t fall into one of these types alone.

Residual schizophrenia

Residual schizophrenia patients have negative symptoms with mild positive symptoms

What are symptoms of schizophrenia?

Signs and symptoms of schizophrenia disorder usually begin between ages sixteen and 30. In uncommon instances, youngsters have schizophrenia too.

The signs of schizophrenia disorder divided into three categories: wonderful, bad, and cognitive.

  • Positive symptoms
  • Negative symptoms.
  • Cognitive symptoms

Positive symptoms

Positive symptoms or psychotic symptoms.

Positive signs are not generally seen in healthy human beings. Humans with remarkable symptoms may also “lose touch” with a few components of fact.

Psychosis symptoms include:

  1. Hallucinations
  2. Delusions
  3. Perception disorders (unusual or dysfunctional processes of thinking)
  4. Movemental problems (agitated frame moves)

Negative symptoms

Negative” signs and symptoms are associated with disruptions to everyday feelings and behaviours. Signs encompass:

Negative symptoms include:

  1. Thinking Disorder
  2. Lack of motivation (abolition)
  3. Poor expression of emotions

Cognitive difficulties

Cognitive symptoms

Cognitive signs and symptoms: For a few patients, the cognitive signs and symptoms of schizophrenia are diffused, however for others, they are greater intense and patients may additionally be aware changes in their memory or different elements of thinking. Signs consist of:

  1. Problem focusing or paying interest
  2. Memory problem

What are causes of schizophrenia?

Genetics

Schizophrenia can be spread from parent to child.

Brain

Scientists believe that human beings with schizophrenia have an imbalance of the mind chemical substances or neurotransmitters. These chemical or neurotransmitters allow the nerve cells inside the brain to send messages to each other. The imbalance of these chemical substances affect the way a person  mind reacts to stimuli–which explains why a person with schizophrenia can be beaten by sensory statistics (loud tune or vibrant lighting) which different humans can easily handle. The problem in processing exceptional sounds, smells and tastes also can cause hallucinations or delusions.

Viral infection

Schizophrenia disorder will also be caused by environmental activities, which include viral infections or immune disorders. For example, those babies are at higher risk whose mothers get the flu when they’re pregnant. And schizophrenia will develop later in life in baby. Those who are hospitalized for severe infections also are at higher risk.

What are the Treatment of schizophrenia?

Schizophrenia Medications

Antipsychotic medication are the most commonly used drugs.

Antipsychotic medication fall in to two categories.

  1. Typical
  2. Atypical

Typical antipsychotic medication

It is also known as first generation antipsychotic. It control the positive symptoms of schizophrenia.

Some first generation antipsychotic include:

  • Chlorpromazine (Thora zine)
  • Haloperidol (Haldol)
  • Perphenazine (Trilafon)
  • Fluphenazine (Proxlixin)
  • Thioridazine (Mellaril)
  • Trifluoperazine (Stelazine)

Atypical antipsychotic medication

It is also known as second generation Atypical antipsychotic.It control the both positive symptoms and negative symptoms of  schizophrenia.

some new generation of Atypical antipsychotic include:

  1.     Aripiprazole (Abilify)
  2.     Asenapine (Saphris)
  3.     Brexpiprazole (Rexulti)
  4.     Cariprazine (Vraylar)
  5.     Clozapine (Clozaril)
  6.     Iloperidone (Fanapt)
  7.     Lurasidone (Latuda)
  8.     Olanzapine (Zyprexa)
  9.     Paliperidone (Invega)
  10.     Quetiapine (Seroquel)
  11.     Risperidone (Risperdal)
  12.     Ziprasidone (Geodon)

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